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Rowing is water based sporting event which involves racing between athletes on lakes, rivers or the ocean. The racing boats are propelled by the reaction forces on the oar blades by pushing them against the water. The rowing water sport can be for recreational purpose or it can be competitive where overall fitness plays a major role. Rowing is quite a popular water sport across the world and is among one of the oldest Olympic sports. In the United States of America, the high school and collegiate level rowing is known as crew.

In rowing, the athletes sit in the boat facing backwards that is towards the stern, and uses the propellers or the oars which are held in place by the oarlocks to propel the boat forward. This is a very demanding sport which requires strong balance as well as physical strength and cardiovascular endurance.

There are many variations of rowing and different kinds of rowing competitions are held. Although the rowing action and equipments used remains largely the same throughout the world. The different types of competitions are such as -endurance races, stake racing, bumps racing and the side-by-side racing format used in the Olympic games. The many different formats are a result of the long history of the sport, its development in different regions of the world, and specific local requirements and conditions.

The two forms of rowing are following:

Sweep Rowing: In this form of rowing, every participant held one oar with both hands. It is done in pairs, like fours and eights. Each rower in a sweep boat is known as either port or starboard, depending on which side of the boat the rower's oar is extending to. Most of the times, the part side is referred to as stroke side, and the starboard side as bow side.

Sculling Rowing: In sculling each participant gets two oars, one in each hand. Sculling is usually done without a coxswain, in quads, doubles or singles. The oar in the sculler's right hand extends to port and the oar in the left hand extends to bow side.

Rowing water game falls under the category of those non-weight bearing sports which make use of major muscle groups, including quads, biceps, triceps, lats, glutes and abdominal muscles. It helps in improving the cardiovascular endurance and muscular strength of the body. The high performing rowers tend to be tall and muscular: although extra weight does increase the drag on the boat, the larger athlete's increased power tends to be more significant. The increased power is achieved through increased length of leverage on the oar through longer limbs of the athlete.

There is a good thing associated with rowing which is that it is a low impact activity with movement only in defined ranges, so there are very rare chances of twist and sprain injuries. However, there are chances that the repetitive rowing action can put strain on your body joints such as knee joints, the spine and the tendons of the forearm, and inflammation of these are the most common rowing injuries. If one rows with poor technique, other injuries may surface, including back pains. Therefore it is highly recommended that rowing should be enjoyed by taking full precautionary measures.

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