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Windsurfing is a kind of surface water sport activity. It involves the use of a windsurf board which is around 2-4 meters long and power is supplied to it by the effect of the wind on a sail. There is a rig which is attached to the board by a freely rotating universal joint and comprises a mast, wishbone boom and sail. The range area of the sail depends upon the sailing conditions and the skill of the sailor and the type of windsurfing being undertaken. However, the most common range is less than three square meters to more than twelve square meters.

Although windsurfing can be said to straddle both the laid back culture of surf sports and the more rules based environment of sailing. It is considered as the minimalist version of a sailboat; a windsurfer offers experiences that are outside the scope of any other sailing craft design. There are various moves which windsurfers perform such as jumps, inverted loops, spinning maneuvers, and other freestyle moves which are not easy to be matched by any other sailboat. When compared to surfing, windsurfers were the first to ride the world's largest waves, such as Jaws on the island of Maui. Extreme waves aside, many expert windsurfers will ride the same waves as surfers do and are themselves usually very accomplished without a rig on a conventional surfboard.

If compared to other so called extreme sports, like snowboarding, or kite surfing, the learning curve for windsurfing water sport is certainly longer. Besides acquiring an understanding of sailing theory, developing their balance and core stability is a challenge for the beginners. They must also learn a range of techniques before they can progress to planning windsurfing.

Initial lessons should be taken from some professionals or from windsurfing school. It is important to mention here that there are only a reasonable numbers of windsurfing training schools in most of the countries of the world. Along with professional coaching and training, favorable conditions, the basic skills of sailing, steering, and turning can be learned within a few hours. Competence in the sport and mastery of more advanced maneuvers such as planing, carve gybing, water starting, jumping, and more advanced moves can require lengthy practice. Theses days you can easily get training DVDs from the internet which are really very useful in a sport where it is difficult for a coach to be close to a pupil particularly when learning the more advanced maneuvers. Nevertheless, windsurfing is a sport which, once learned and mastered can be enjoyed for considerably longer times.

Windsurfing is largely undertaken on a noncompetitive basis. However, there are various organizations which hold competition at all levels across the world and typical formats for competitive windsurfing include speed sailing, slalom, course racing, wave sailing, and freestyle. The windsurfing as a water sport was quite popular in the 1980s and it was also recognized as an Olympic sport in 1984. However, after that there was a gradual decrease in its popularity in the mid 1990s. The major reason behind this is believed to be the specialized equipments which required more expertise to sail. However, the good news foe windsurfing lovers is that the sport is experiencing a modest revival as there are new beginner-friendly designs are becoming easily available.

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